PCH

Packet Clearing House Report on Internet Exchange Point Locations

This map plots the density distribution of the Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) which form the core of the global Internet, by country. Countries must have root nameservers, country-code top-level domain (ccTLD) nameservers, and Internet exchange points (IXPs) within their borders in order to maintain autonomy and internal connectivity during periods when international cables are damaged.

We use the United Nations list of countries, and countries which display as less than one pixel are listed below, but aren't indicated on the map. Last updated Wednesday 27th of October. This report is free for reuse and adaptation with attribution.

Countries with IXPs: 144

United States(117), Brazil(34), Russia(34), Argentina(29), Australia(28), Germany(27), India(23), France(19), Japan(16), Indonesia(16), United Kingdom(15), Canada(14), Sweden(14), Netherlands(13), Italy(12), Ukraine(11), China(11), Spain(9), Poland(9), Romania(8), New Zealand(8), Norway(7), Chile(7), Switzerland(7), Austria(6), Bulgaria(6), South Africa(6), Singapore(6), Finland(6), Ecuador(5), Tanzania(5), Greece(4), Ireland(4), Estonia(4), Lithuania(4), Czech Republic(4), Portugal(4), South Korea(4), Taiwan(4), Nigeria(4), Malaysia(3), Kenya(3), Cambodia(3), Iran(3), United Arab Emirates(3), Latvia(3), Uzbekistan(3), Bangladesh(3), Denmark(3), Slovakia(3), Thailand(3), Viet Nam(3), Turkey(3), Republic of Congo(2), Lebanon(2), Nepal(2), Peru(2), Trinidad and Tobago(2), Bolivia(2), Colombia(2), Kazakhstan(2), Democratic Republic of Congo(2), Burkina Faso(2), Egypt(2), Philippines(2), Tunisia(2), Cameroon(2), Kyrgyzstan(2), Palestine(2), Mexico(2), Belgium(2), Costa Rica(2), Dominican Republic(2), Liechtenstein(2), Paraguay(2), Saudi Arabia(2), Angola(2), Armenia(1), Botswana(1), Djibouti(1), Haiti(1), Laos(1), Myanmar(1), Panama(1), Qatar(1), Slovenia(1), Timor-Leste(1), Uganda(1), Curaçao(1), Belize(1), Croatia(1), Gabon(1), Guam(1), Iceland(1), Jamaica(1), Rwanda(1), Senegal(1), Madagascar(1), Morocco(1), Sudan(1), Mauritius(1), Sint Maarten(1), Afghanistan(1), Belarus(1), Dominica(1), Honduras(1), Israel(1), Namibia(1), Papua New Guinea(1), Togo(1), Lesotho(1), Benin(1), Cuba(1), Gambia(1), Guatemala(1), Luxembourg(1), Zambia(1), Montenegro(1), Ghana(1), Malawi(1), Mozambique(1), Puerto Rico(1), Cote D'Ivoire(1), Kuwait(1), Albania(1), Grenada(1), Hungary(1), Mali(1), Somalia(1), Liberia(1), Bhutan(1), Burundi(1), Cyprus(1), Georgia(1), Guinea(1), Jordan(1), North Macedonia(1), Mongolia(1), Pakistan(1), Saint Lucia(1), Sri Lanka(1), Vanuatu(1), Zimbabwe(1), Serbia(1)

Countries without IXPs: 65

Barbados, Fiji, Nicaragua, San Marino, Swaziland, British Virgin Islands, Micronesia, Algeria, Chad, Malta, Syria, Uruguay, Yemen, Libya, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, New Caledonia, Palau, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Venezuela, Turkmenistan, Aruba, Cape Verde, Greenland, Maldives, Niger, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, US Virgin Islands, Ethiopia, Moldova, South Sudan, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Marshall Islands, Oman, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Kiribati, Martinique, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Eritrea, Guyana, Iraq, Samoa, Suriname, Tuvalu, Kosovo, Brunei Darussalam, Central African Republic, Nauru, Tonga, Western Sahara, Falkland Islands, Monaco, Bahamas, El Salvador, Netherlands Antilles, Sierra Leone, Tajikistan, North Korea, Mauritania

Countries with
IXPs: 144
United States117
Brazil34
Russia34
Argentina29
Australia28
Germany27
India23
France19
Japan16
Indonesia16
United Kingdom15
Canada14
Sweden14
Netherlands13
Italy12
Ukraine11
China11
Spain9
Poland9
Romania8
New Zealand8
Norway7
Chile7
Switzerland7
Austria6
Bulgaria6
South Africa6
Singapore6
Finland6
Ecuador5
Tanzania5
Greece4
Ireland4
Estonia4
Lithuania4
Czech Republic4
Portugal4
South Korea4
Taiwan4
Nigeria4
Malaysia3
Kenya3
Cambodia3
Iran3
United Arab Emirates3
Latvia3
Uzbekistan3
Bangladesh3
Denmark3
Slovakia3
Thailand3
Viet Nam3
Turkey3
Republic of Congo2
Lebanon2
Nepal2
Peru2
Trinidad and Tobago2
Bolivia2
Colombia2
Kazakhstan2
Democratic Republic of Congo2
Burkina Faso2
Egypt2
Philippines2
Tunisia2
Cameroon2
Kyrgyzstan2
Palestine2
Mexico2
Belgium2
Costa Rica2
Dominican Republic2
Liechtenstein2
Paraguay2
Saudi Arabia2
Angola2
Armenia1
Botswana1
Djibouti1
Haiti1
Laos1
Myanmar1
Panama1
Qatar1
Slovenia1
Timor-Leste1
Uganda1
Curaçao1
Belize1
Croatia1
Gabon1
Guam1
Iceland1
Jamaica1
Rwanda1
Senegal1
Madagascar1
Morocco1
Sudan1
Mauritius1
Sint Maarten1
Afghanistan1
Belarus1
Dominica1
Honduras1
Israel1
Namibia1
Papua New Guinea1
Togo1
Lesotho1
Benin1
Cuba1
Gambia1
Guatemala1
Luxembourg1
Zambia1
Montenegro1
Ghana1
Malawi1
Mozambique1
Puerto Rico1
Cote D'Ivoire1
Kuwait1
Albania1
Grenada1
Hungary1
Mali1
Somalia1
Liberia1
Bhutan1
Burundi1
Cyprus1
Georgia1
Guinea1
Jordan1
North Macedonia1
Mongolia1
Pakistan1
Saint Lucia1
Sri Lanka1
Vanuatu1
Zimbabwe1
Serbia1
Countries without
IXPs: 65
Algeria
Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Barbados
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Virgin Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Fiji
Greenland
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Iraq
Kiribati
Kosovo
Libya
Maldives
Malta
Marshall Islands
Martinique
Mauritania
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Nauru
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
Nicaragua
Niger
North Korea
Oman
Palau
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Solomon Islands
South Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Syria
Tajikistan
Tonga
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
US Virgin Islands
Uruguay
Venezuela
Western Sahara
Yemen

If you need to cite this information in a formal way (i.e. for bibliographical purposes), we suggest you use:

Packet Clearing House, Internet exchange point directory reports.
Retrieved on Wednesday 27th of October from http://www.pch.net/ixpdir/summary

Last updated: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 14:07:38 +0000