PCH

Packet Clearing House Report on Internet Exchange Point Locations

This map plots the density distribution of the Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) which form the core of the global Internet, by country. Countries must have root nameservers, country-code top-level domain (ccTLD) nameservers, and Internet exchange points (IXPs) within their borders in order to maintain autonomy and internal connectivity during periods when international cables are damaged.

We use the United Nations list of countries, and countries which display as less than one pixel are listed below, but aren't indicated on the map. Last updated Thursday 9th of February. This report is free for reuse and adaptation with attribution.

Countries with IXPs: 158

United States(121), Russia(35), Brazil(34), Argentina(29), Australia(28), Germany(27), India(22), France(17), Indonesia(17), Japan(16), Netherlands(15), United Kingdom(15), Sweden(14), Canada(14), Italy(12), Ukraine(11), China(11), Spain(9), Poland(9), Romania(8), New Zealand(8), Switzerland(8), Norway(7), Singapore(7), Chile(7), Austria(6), Bulgaria(6), South Africa(6), Finland(6), Ecuador(5), Tanzania(5), Malaysia(5), Lithuania(4), Czech Republic(4), Portugal(4), South Korea(4), Taiwan(4), Bangladesh(4), Nigeria(4), Greece(4), Ireland(4), Estonia(4), Peru(3), Kenya(3), Cambodia(3), Colombia(3), Iran(3), Democratic Republic of Congo(3), Latvia(3), Philippines(3), Uzbekistan(3), Denmark(3), Slovakia(3), Thailand(3), Viet Nam(3), Saudi Arabia(3), Pakistan(3), Turkey(3), Nepal(2), Trinidad and Tobago(2), Bolivia(2), Kazakhstan(2), United Arab Emirates(2), Burkina Faso(2), Cameroon(2), Kyrgyzstan(2), Mexico(2), Belgium(2), Costa Rica(2), Dominican Republic(2), Liechtenstein(2), Paraguay(2), Angola(2), Lebanon(2), Belize(1), Chad(1), Croatia(1), Gabon(1), Guam(1), Iceland(1), Jamaica(1), Rwanda(1), Senegal(1), Bahrain(1), Morocco(1), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines(1), Sudan(1), Mauritius(1), Serbia(1), Afghanistan(1), Belarus(1), Dominica(1), Honduras(1), Israel(1), Maldives(1), Namibia(1), Papua New Guinea(1), Togo(1), Lesotho(1), Curaçao(1), Benin(1), Cuba(1), Egypt(1), Gambia(1), Guatemala(1), Luxembourg(1), Oman(1), Saint Kitts and Nevis(1), Zambia(1), Martinique(1), Tunisia(1), Montenegro(1), Bosnia and Herzegovina(1), Ghana(1), Iraq(1), Malawi(1), Mozambique(1), Palestine(1), Puerto Rico(1), Suriname(1), Cote D'Ivoire(1), Kuwait(1), Sint Maarten(1), Albania(1), Brunei Darussalam(1), Grenada(1), Hungary(1), Mali(1), Somalia(1), Liberia(1), Bhutan(1), Burundi(1), Cyprus(1), El Salvador(1), Georgia(1), Guinea(1), Jordan(1), North Macedonia(1), Mongolia(1), Saint Lucia(1), Sri Lanka(1), Vanuatu(1), Zimbabwe(1), Saint Barthélemy(1), Armenia(1), Botswana(1), Republic of Congo(1), Djibouti(1), Fiji(1), Haiti(1), Laos(1), Myanmar(1), Panama(1), Qatar(1), Slovenia(1), Timor-Leste(1), British Virgin Islands(1), Uganda(1)

Countries without IXPs: 52

Algeria, Malta, Syria, Uruguay, Yemen, Libya, Antigua and Barbuda, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Palau, Venezuela, Turkmenistan, Aruba, Cape Verde, Greenland, Niger, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, US Virgin Islands, Ethiopia, Moldova, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Marshall Islands, Seychelles, Kiribati, Comoros, Eritrea, Guyana, Samoa, Tuvalu, Central African Republic, Nauru, Tonga, Western Sahara, Falkland Islands, Monaco, South Sudan, Bahamas, Netherlands Antilles, Sierra Leone, Tajikistan, North Korea, Mauritania, Barbados, Nicaragua, San Marino, Swaziland, Micronesia, Kosovo

Countries with
IXPs: 158
United States121
Russia35
Brazil34
Argentina29
Australia28
Germany27
India22
France17
Indonesia17
Japan16
Netherlands15
United Kingdom15
Sweden14
Canada14
Italy12
Ukraine11
China11
Spain9
Poland9
Romania8
New Zealand8
Switzerland8
Norway7
Singapore7
Chile7
Austria6
Bulgaria6
South Africa6
Finland6
Ecuador5
Tanzania5
Malaysia5
Lithuania4
Czech Republic4
Portugal4
South Korea4
Taiwan4
Bangladesh4
Nigeria4
Greece4
Ireland4
Estonia4
Peru3
Kenya3
Cambodia3
Colombia3
Iran3
Democratic Republic of Congo3
Latvia3
Philippines3
Uzbekistan3
Denmark3
Slovakia3
Thailand3
Viet Nam3
Saudi Arabia3
Pakistan3
Turkey3
Nepal2
Trinidad and Tobago2
Bolivia2
Kazakhstan2
United Arab Emirates2
Burkina Faso2
Cameroon2
Kyrgyzstan2
Mexico2
Belgium2
Costa Rica2
Dominican Republic2
Liechtenstein2
Paraguay2
Angola2
Lebanon2
Belize1
Chad1
Croatia1
Gabon1
Guam1
Iceland1
Jamaica1
Rwanda1
Senegal1
Bahrain1
Morocco1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1
Sudan1
Mauritius1
Serbia1
Afghanistan1
Belarus1
Dominica1
Honduras1
Israel1
Maldives1
Namibia1
Papua New Guinea1
Togo1
Lesotho1
Curaçao1
Benin1
Cuba1
Egypt1
Gambia1
Guatemala1
Luxembourg1
Oman1
Saint Kitts and Nevis1
Zambia1
Martinique1
Tunisia1
Montenegro1
Bosnia and Herzegovina1
Ghana1
Iraq1
Malawi1
Mozambique1
Palestine1
Puerto Rico1
Suriname1
Cote D'Ivoire1
Kuwait1
Sint Maarten1
Albania1
Brunei Darussalam1
Grenada1
Hungary1
Mali1
Somalia1
Liberia1
Bhutan1
Burundi1
Cyprus1
El Salvador1
Georgia1
Guinea1
Jordan1
North Macedonia1
Mongolia1
Saint Lucia1
Sri Lanka1
Vanuatu1
Zimbabwe1
Saint Barthélemy1
Armenia1
Botswana1
Republic of Congo1
Djibouti1
Fiji1
Haiti1
Laos1
Myanmar1
Panama1
Qatar1
Slovenia1
Timor-Leste1
British Virgin Islands1
Uganda1
Countries without
IXPs: 52
Algeria
Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Barbados
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Comoros
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Greenland
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Kiribati
Kosovo
Libya
Madagascar
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Nauru
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
Nicaragua
Niger
North Korea
Palau
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Solomon Islands
South Sudan
Swaziland
Syria
Tajikistan
Tonga
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
US Virgin Islands
Uruguay
Venezuela
Western Sahara
Yemen

If you need to cite this information in a formal way (i.e. for bibliographical purposes), we suggest you use:

Packet Clearing House, Internet exchange point directory reports.
Retrieved on Thursday 9th of February from http://www.pch.net/ixpdir/summary

Last updated: Thu, 09 Feb 2023 03:37:37 +0000