PCH

Packet Clearing House Report on Internet Exchange Point Locations

This map plots the density distribution of the Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) which form the core of the global Internet, by country. Countries must have root nameservers, country-code top-level domain (ccTLD) nameservers, and Internet exchange points (IXPs) within their borders in order to maintain autonomy and internal connectivity during periods when international cables are damaged.

We use the United Nations list of countries, and countries which display as less than one pixel are listed below, but aren't indicated on the map. Last updated Friday 16th of April. This report is free for reuse and adaptation with attribution.

Countries with IXPs: 145

United States(112), Brazil(34), Russia(33), Argentina(29), Australia(28), Germany(25), India(23), France(17), Japan(16), Indonesia(15), Sweden(14), Canada(14), United Kingdom(13), Netherlands(12), Italy(11), Ukraine(10), China(9), Poland(9), Spain(8), New Zealand(8), Romania(7), Chile(7), Switzerland(7), Norway(7), Austria(6), Bulgaria(6), South Africa(6), Singapore(6), Finland(5), Ecuador(5), Tanzania(5), Taiwan(4), Nigeria(4), Ireland(4), Estonia(4), Lithuania(4), Czech Republic(4), Portugal(4), South Korea(4), Latvia(3), Bangladesh(3), Denmark(3), Slovakia(3), Thailand(3), Viet Nam(3), Greece(3), Malaysia(3), Kenya(3), Cambodia(3), Iran(3), Democratic Republic of Congo(2), Burkina Faso(2), Egypt(2), Philippines(2), Uzbekistan(2), Tunisia(2), Cameroon(2), Kyrgyzstan(2), Palestine(2), Belgium(2), Costa Rica(2), Paraguay(2), Saudi Arabia(2), Angola(2), Turkey(2), Republic of Congo(2), Lebanon(2), Nepal(2), Peru(2), Trinidad and Tobago(2), Bolivia(2), Colombia(2), Kazakhstan(2), United Arab Emirates(2), Afghanistan(1), Belarus(1), Dominica(1), Honduras(1), Israel(1), Namibia(1), Papua New Guinea(1), Togo(1), Lesotho(1), Benin(1), Cuba(1), Gambia(1), Guatemala(1), Luxembourg(1), Zambia(1), Martinique(1), Montenegro(1), Ghana(1), Malawi(1), Mozambique(1), Puerto Rico(1), Cote D'Ivoire(1), Kuwait(1), Mexico(1), Albania(1), Dominican Republic(1), Grenada(1), Hungary(1), Liechtenstein(1), Mali(1), Somalia(1), Liberia(1), Bhutan(1), Burundi(1), Cyprus(1), Georgia(1), Guinea(1), Jordan(1), North Macedonia(1), Mongolia(1), Pakistan(1), Saint Lucia(1), Sri Lanka(1), Vanuatu(1), Zimbabwe(1), Serbia(1), Armenia(1), Botswana(1), Djibouti(1), Haiti(1), Laos(1), Myanmar(1), Panama(1), Slovenia(1), Timor-Leste(1), Uganda(1), Curaçao(1), Belize(1), Chad(1), Croatia(1), Gabon(1), Guam(1), Iceland(1), Jamaica(1), Rwanda(1), Senegal(1), Madagascar(1), Morocco(1), Sudan(1), Mauritius(1), Sint Maarten(1)

Countries without IXPs: 64

Aruba, Cape Verde, Greenland, Maldives, Niger, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, US Virgin Islands, Ethiopia, Moldova, South Sudan, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Marshall Islands, Oman, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Kiribati, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Eritrea, Guyana, Iraq, Samoa, Suriname, Tuvalu, Kosovo, Brunei Darussalam, Central African Republic, Nauru, Tonga, Western Sahara, Falkland Islands, Monaco, Bahamas, El Salvador, Netherlands Antilles, Sierra Leone, Tajikistan, North Korea, Mauritania, Barbados, Fiji, Nicaragua, Qatar, San Marino, Swaziland, British Virgin Islands, Micronesia, Algeria, Malta, Syria, Uruguay, Yemen, Libya, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, New Caledonia, Palau, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Venezuela, Turkmenistan

Countries with
IXPs: 145
United States112
Brazil34
Russia33
Argentina29
Australia28
Germany25
India23
France17
Japan16
Indonesia15
Sweden14
Canada14
United Kingdom13
Netherlands12
Italy11
Ukraine10
China9
Poland9
Spain8
New Zealand8
Romania7
Chile7
Switzerland7
Norway7
Austria6
Bulgaria6
South Africa6
Singapore6
Finland5
Ecuador5
Tanzania5
Taiwan4
Nigeria4
Ireland4
Estonia4
Lithuania4
Czech Republic4
Portugal4
South Korea4
Latvia3
Bangladesh3
Denmark3
Slovakia3
Thailand3
Viet Nam3
Greece3
Malaysia3
Kenya3
Cambodia3
Iran3
Democratic Republic of Congo2
Burkina Faso2
Egypt2
Philippines2
Uzbekistan2
Tunisia2
Cameroon2
Kyrgyzstan2
Palestine2
Belgium2
Costa Rica2
Paraguay2
Saudi Arabia2
Angola2
Turkey2
Republic of Congo2
Lebanon2
Nepal2
Peru2
Trinidad and Tobago2
Bolivia2
Colombia2
Kazakhstan2
United Arab Emirates2
Afghanistan1
Belarus1
Dominica1
Honduras1
Israel1
Namibia1
Papua New Guinea1
Togo1
Lesotho1
Benin1
Cuba1
Gambia1
Guatemala1
Luxembourg1
Zambia1
Martinique1
Montenegro1
Ghana1
Malawi1
Mozambique1
Puerto Rico1
Cote D'Ivoire1
Kuwait1
Mexico1
Albania1
Dominican Republic1
Grenada1
Hungary1
Liechtenstein1
Mali1
Somalia1
Liberia1
Bhutan1
Burundi1
Cyprus1
Georgia1
Guinea1
Jordan1
North Macedonia1
Mongolia1
Pakistan1
Saint Lucia1
Sri Lanka1
Vanuatu1
Zimbabwe1
Serbia1
Armenia1
Botswana1
Djibouti1
Haiti1
Laos1
Myanmar1
Panama1
Slovenia1
Timor-Leste1
Uganda1
Curaçao1
Belize1
Chad1
Croatia1
Gabon1
Guam1
Iceland1
Jamaica1
Rwanda1
Senegal1
Madagascar1
Morocco1
Sudan1
Mauritius1
Sint Maarten1
Countries without
IXPs: 64
Algeria
Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Barbados
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Virgin Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Comoros
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Fiji
Greenland
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Iraq
Kiribati
Kosovo
Libya
Maldives
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Nauru
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
Nicaragua
Niger
North Korea
Oman
Palau
Qatar
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Solomon Islands
South Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Syria
Tajikistan
Tonga
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
US Virgin Islands
Uruguay
Venezuela
Western Sahara
Yemen

If you need to cite this information in a formal way (i.e. for bibliographical purposes), we suggest you use:

Packet Clearing House, Internet exchange point directory reports.
Retrieved on Friday 16th of April from http://www.pch.net/ixpdir/summary

Last updated: Fri, 16 Apr 2021 00:23:05 +0000