PCH

Packet Clearing House Report on Internet Exchange Point Locations

This map plots the density distribution of the Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) which form the core of the global Internet, by country. Countries must have root nameservers, country-code top-level domain (ccTLD) nameservers, and Internet exchange points (IXPs) within their borders in order to maintain autonomy and internal connectivity during periods when international cables are damaged.

We use the United Nations list of countries, and countries which display as less than one pixel are listed below, but aren't indicated on the map. Last updated Friday 22nd of November. This report is free for reuse and adaptation with attribution.

Countries with IXPs: 138

United States(93), Brazil(34), Russia(28), Argentina(28), Australia(23), Germany(22), India(20), France(16), Japan(14), Canada(13), United Kingdom(11), Sweden(11), Italy(10), Netherlands(9), Indonesia(9), Poland(9), China(8), Spain(7), New Zealand(7), Switzerland(7), Chile(7), Norway(7), Bulgaria(6), South Africa(6), Ukraine(6), Austria(5), Tanzania(5), Singapore(5), Romania(5), Ecuador(4), Czech Republic(4), Finland(4), Nigeria(4), Estonia(4), Ireland(4), Lithuania(4), Taiwan(3), Viet Nam(3), Slovakia(3), Denmark(3), Kenya(3), South Korea(3), Portugal(3), Tunisia(2), Philippines(2), Thailand(2), Bolivia(2), Cambodia(2), Colombia(2), Democratic Republic of Congo(2), Paraguay(2), Egypt(2), Lebanon(2), Cameroon(2), Malaysia(2), Trinidad and Tobago(2), Belgium(2), Peru(2), United Arab Emirates(2), Angola(2), Greece(2), Latvia(2), Uzbekistan(1), Zambia(1), Martinique(1), Montenegro(1), Belize(1), Chad(1), Croatia(1), Gabon(1), Luxembourg(1), Cote D'Ivoire(1), Kuwait(1), Mexico(1), Kyrgyzstan(1), Malawi(1), Mozambique(1), Palestine(1), Puerto Rico(1), Liberia(1), Dominica(1), Hungary(1), Liechtenstein(1), Mali(1), Saudi Arabia(1), Somalia(1), Vanuatu(1), Zimbabwe(1), Turkey(1), Serbia(1), Benin(1), Burkina Faso(1), Cuba(1), Gambia(1), Guinea(1), North Macedonia(1), Pakistan(1), Saint Lucia(1), Sri Lanka(1), Timor-Leste(1), Uganda(1), Curaçao(1), Bangladesh(1), Ghana(1), Haiti(1), Laos(1), Myanmar(1), Panama(1), Slovenia(1), Albania(1), Costa Rica(1), Dominican Republic(1), Grenada(1), Iceland(1), Jamaica(1), Nepal(1), Rwanda(1), Senegal(1), Mauritius(1), Sint Maarten(1), Bhutan(1), Burundi(1), Cyprus(1), Georgia(1), Kazakhstan(1), Madagascar(1), Morocco(1), Sudan(1), Togo(1), Lesotho(1), Armenia(1), Botswana(1), Republic of Congo(1), Djibouti(1), Honduras(1), Israel(1), Namibia(1), Papua New Guinea(1)

Countries without IXPs: 70

Kiribati, Algeria, Guatemala, Marshall Islands, Oman, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Suriname, Tuvalu, Kosovo, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Iraq, Samoa, Tonga, Western Sahara, Falkland Islands, Monaco, Afghanistan, Aruba, Belarus, Cape Verde, Greenland, Nauru, Tajikistan, North Korea, Mauritania, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Jordan, Mongolia, Netherlands Antilles, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, British Virgin Islands, Micronesia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Eritrea, Nicaragua, Qatar, San Marino, Syria, Uruguay, Yemen, Libya, Brunei Darussalam, Central African Republic, Malta, Venezuela, Turkmenistan, Bahamas, El Salvador, Guinea-Bissau, Iran, New Caledonia, Palau, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, US Virgin Islands, Ethiopia, Moldova, South Sudan, Barbados, Fiji, Maldives, Niger, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands

Countries with
IXPs: 138
United States93
Brazil34
Russia28
Argentina28
Australia23
Germany22
India20
France16
Japan14
Canada13
United Kingdom11
Sweden11
Italy10
Netherlands9
Indonesia9
Poland9
China8
Spain7
New Zealand7
Switzerland7
Chile7
Norway7
Bulgaria6
South Africa6
Ukraine6
Austria5
Tanzania5
Singapore5
Romania5
Ecuador4
Czech Republic4
Finland4
Nigeria4
Estonia4
Ireland4
Lithuania4
Taiwan3
Viet Nam3
Slovakia3
Denmark3
Kenya3
South Korea3
Portugal3
Tunisia2
Philippines2
Thailand2
Bolivia2
Cambodia2
Colombia2
Democratic Republic of Congo2
Paraguay2
Egypt2
Lebanon2
Cameroon2
Malaysia2
Trinidad and Tobago2
Belgium2
Peru2
United Arab Emirates2
Angola2
Greece2
Latvia2
Uzbekistan1
Zambia1
Martinique1
Montenegro1
Belize1
Chad1
Croatia1
Gabon1
Luxembourg1
Cote D'Ivoire1
Kuwait1
Mexico1
Kyrgyzstan1
Malawi1
Mozambique1
Palestine1
Puerto Rico1
Liberia1
Dominica1
Hungary1
Liechtenstein1
Mali1
Saudi Arabia1
Somalia1
Vanuatu1
Zimbabwe1
Turkey1
Serbia1
Benin1
Burkina Faso1
Cuba1
Gambia1
Guinea1
North Macedonia1
Pakistan1
Saint Lucia1
Sri Lanka1
Timor-Leste1
Uganda1
Curaçao1
Bangladesh1
Ghana1
Haiti1
Laos1
Myanmar1
Panama1
Slovenia1
Albania1
Costa Rica1
Dominican Republic1
Grenada1
Iceland1
Jamaica1
Nepal1
Rwanda1
Senegal1
Mauritius1
Sint Maarten1
Bhutan1
Burundi1
Cyprus1
Georgia1
Kazakhstan1
Madagascar1
Morocco1
Sudan1
Togo1
Lesotho1
Armenia1
Botswana1
Republic of Congo1
Djibouti1
Honduras1
Israel1
Namibia1
Papua New Guinea1
Countries without
IXPs: 70
Afghanistan
Algeria
Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Barbados
Belarus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Virgin Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Comoros
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Fiji
Greenland
Guatemala
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Kiribati
Kosovo
Libya
Maldives
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Nauru
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
Nicaragua
Niger
North Korea
Oman
Palau
Qatar
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Solomon Islands
South Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Syria
Tajikistan
Tonga
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
US Virgin Islands
Uruguay
Venezuela
Western Sahara
Yemen

If you need to cite this information in a formal way (i.e. for bibliographical purposes), we suggest you use:

Packet Clearing House, Internet exchange point directory reports.
Retrieved on Friday 22nd of November from http://www.pch.net/ixpdir/summary

Last updated: Fri, 22 Nov 2019 03:14:48 +0000